Policies on Conflict of Interest, Human and Animal rights, and Informed Consent
The Journal adheres to ethical norms and resources publicized by the
- International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
- Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
- World Association of Medical Editors
PSSS MS requires authors to declare Disclosures. All authors are requested to disclose any conflict of interest including any financial or personal relationship with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence their study (http://www.icmje.org/conflicts-of-interest )
All submitted manuscripts must include a ‘Disclosures’ section at the end of the manuscript listing all competing interests (financial and non-financial).
Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read. If there are none, the authors should state“No conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, are declared by the authors”.
All authors are required to provide a Conflict of Interest Statement which is available at http://www.icmje.org/downloads/coi_disclosure.zip. This form should be uploaded with the revised manuscript upon submission.
Editors may ask for further information relating to competing interests. Editors and reviewers are also required to declare any competing interests and will be excluded from the peer review process if a competing interest exists.
Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. A competing interest exists when the authors’ interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by their personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors should disclose any financial competing interests but also any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment if they were to become public after the publication of the article.
Authors from commercial organizations that sponsor clinical trials, should declare these as competing interests on submission. They should also adhere to the Good Publication Practice guidelines for pharmaceutical companies, which are designed to ensure that publications are produced in a responsible and ethical manner. The guidelines also apply to any companies or individuals that work on industry-sponsored publications, such as freelance writers, contract research organizations and communications companies.
Human and Animal Rights
All research must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there is suspicion that work has not taken place within an appropriate ethical framework, Editors will follow may reject the manuscript, and/or contact the author(s)’ ethics committee. On rare occasions, if the Editor has serious concerns about the ethics of a study, the manuscript may be rejected on ethical grounds, even if approval from an ethics committee has been obtained.
The authors should state in the Methods section of the article that any medical research involving human subjects has been performed according to the WMA Declaration of Helsinki and with the approval of an appropriate Bioethics Committee. The full name of the Bioethics committee that approved the study, bioethics approval date, protocol number must be provided in the manuscript.
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and must have been approved by an appropriate bioethics committee.
The submitted study has to be supported by the bioethics committee approval.
Authors reporting the use of a new procedure or tool in a clinical setting, for example as a technical advance or case report, must give a clear justification in the manuscript for why the new procedure or tool was deemed more appropriate than usual clinical practice to meet the patient’s clinical need. Such justification is not required if the new procedure is already approved for clinical use at the authors’ institution. Authors will be expected to have obtained bioethics committee approval and informed patient consent for any experimental use of a novel procedure or tool where a clear clinical advantage based on clinical need was not apparent before treatment.
The Research Integrity Expert can be consulted for clarifying ethical issues in submissions and published articles.
All participants must give their informed consent in writing prior to inclusion in the study.
The following statement should be included:
Informed consent: “Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.”
If identifying information about participants is available in the article, the following statement should be included:
“Additional informed consent was obtained from all individual participants for whom identifying information is included in this article.”
Including of personal details, images related to individual participants are not allowed.
Experimental research on vertebrates or any regulated invertebrates must comply with institutional, national, or international guidelines:
and where available should have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee.
A statement detailing compliance with relevant guidelines (e.g. the revised Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 in the UK and Directive 2010/63/EU in Europe) and/or ethical approval (including the name of the ethics committee and the reference number where appropriate) must be included in the manuscript. If a study has been granted an exemption from requiring bioethics approval, this should also be detailed in the manuscript (including the name of the ethics committee that granted the exemption and the reasons for the exemption). The Editor will take into the account the animal welfare issues and reserves the right to reject a manuscript, especially if the research involves protocols that are inconsistent with commonly accepted norms of animal research. In rare cases, Editors may contact the bioethics committee for further information.
For studies reporting livestock trials with production, health and food-safety outcomes, authors are encouraged to adhere to State Consumer Protection Service of Ukraine or appropriate National/International Establishments