THE CALCULATION OF ADAPTATION POTENTIAL, THE EVALUATION OF ADAPTATION ABILITIES OF THE BODY AND THE HEALTH LEVEL OF STUDENTS OF LVIV NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY BY DANYLO HALYTSKY
Introduction. One of the most important problems of modern physiology and medicine is the investigation of adaptation abilities of human in a way of study the mechanism and the main regularities in the process of body adaptation to various conditions of the environment. During the whole life a modern personality constantly meets with different stressful factors which are connected to social, ecological, psychological and biological changes. The most vulnerable under such conditions are students as the life rhythm of modern students is characterized by a relative hypo dynamics together with considerable intellectual and emotional loading. All those factors together with unbalanced diet and sleep defi ciency have negative effect on psychical, physical and social health of students and also create preconditions for the decrease of adaptation abilities of the body. To deal with the problem of preservation and strengthening of the students’ health it is important to lead a complex examination with the purpose of evaluation of the functioning level of the body systems fi rst of all connected with it. It will give the reason to improve already existing and search for new methods of optimization of functional state, health prevention and future professional longevity of medical students.
Aim: To calculate adaptation potential and evaluate adaptation abilities of students together with identifi cation of their health level.
Materials and Methods: 98 third-year students of the stomatological faculty of Lviv National Medical University by Danylo Halytsky have taken part in the investigation, 37 of whom were male (37,76 %) and 61 (62,24 %) – female both of whom were nineteen years old at the time of research. All of them according to dispensary cards were not on dispensary registration in connection to any illness and belonged to a group of “almost healthy”. Adaptation potential of cardio-vascular system of the body was identifi ed by R. M. Bayevsky (1979) including the frequency of heart contractions, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, antropometric indices and coeffi cient of the level of plural regression. Results: It has been ascertained that in case of the majority of students under the investigation (57,14 %) the level of adaptation was satisfactory. Among males the quantity of students with satisfactory adaptation and tension of adaptation mechanism was practically the same, whereas in case of females the level of adaptation was satisfactory. It was confi rmed that 87,5 % of sportsmen were referred to the I health group and only 12,5 % to the II health group whereas the proportion to individuals that go in for sports was 63,51 % to 36, 49 %.
Conclusion: In case with most students satisfactory level of adaptation is observed. The proportion between the levels of satisfactory adaptation and tension of adaptation mechanisms among boys and girls are different. To be more exact, there were more individuals with satisfactory adaptation among girls rather than boys. It is connected with hormonal differences, less people with harmful habits, more stress resistance and unsatisfactory factors of environment for girls. Individuals who regularly go in for sports have satisfactory adaptation in most cases in comparison to those who do not practice sports. Students included to the I health group were recommended to take general curative procedures such as: the increase of efferent activity, the use of hardening procedure, normalization of nutrition regime, work and rest, cycling, walking, swimming and denial of harmful habits. Those who are in the II health group need not only curative but also prophylactic measures oriented on the prevention of the development of different diseases individually and in every exceptional case. Paying attention to the fact that students are referred to the category of individuals with intensive brain work all of them were explained the necessity of use of psychological methods of rehabilitation such as autogenic trainings except medico biological ones.
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